A garden oasis and cultural center overlooking the Hudson River

Plant of the Week: Solanum quitoense (Naranjilla)

Charles Day is Wave Hill’s Ruth Rea Howell Senior Horticultural Interpreter.

Guarding the entrance to the Conservatory, and lurking in the both the Paisley Bed and the Herb Garden, is the spectacular, if slightly sinister, Solanum quitoense.the-setting

It is a member of the nightshade/tomato family and its fruits do, indeed, look like small, slightly fuzzy tomatoes. It comes from Colombia, Panama and Ecuador: the specific epithet quitoense means “of Quito.”the-plant

The fruits turn orange when ripe—hence the name naranjilla, “little orange”—and they yield a tangy juice. They are soft and easily damaged and therefore not easily transported fresh.close-up-2

Even as an ornamental, it is a fascinating plant. With large, pale-green foliage and fearsome-looking spines arising from the upper side of each leaf, it never fails to attract attention.close-up-1

Because it is a tropical plant, in our climate it can only be grown outdoors in the warmer months.

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